Gunung Salak is a volcano located on the island of Java, Indonesia. This has some mountain peak, of which Peak Salak Salak I and II. Geography of the mountain is at 6 ? 43 ‘LS and 106 ? 44′ BT. Highest peak I Salak Salak 2211 m and 2180 m dpl II. There is one more peak called Peak Sumbul with a height of 1926 m dpl.
Administratively, G. Salak area included in Sukabumi and Bogor Regency, West Java. Management of the forest area is under the Perum Perhutani KPH Bogor, but since 2003 a regional expansion Halimun Mountain National Park, now called National Park Mount Halimun Salak.Gunung-Salak volcano is a strato type A. Since the year 1600 recorded an explosion occurred a few times, including a series of eruption between 1668-1699, 1780, 1902-1903, and 1935. The last eruption occurred in 1938, in the form erupsi freatik that occurred in the crater Cikuluwung Putri.
According to Hartman (1938) G. Salak I was part of the oldest mountains. Followed by G. Salak II, and later appeared G. Sumbul. Meanwhile, Queen of craters estimated from the final product is a G. Salak. Putri Cikuluwung craters and craters Hirup is still a part of the crater can Ratu.Gunung Salak didaki of several climbing routes. Peak of the peak is often didaki II and I. The most crowded routes is through Curug Nangka, on the north side of the mountain. Through this path, people will reach the peak of Salak II.
Other path is the ‘back roads’ through Cidahu, Sukabumi, or from a crater near the Queen G. Bunder.
In addition, Mount Salak more popular as a place where education clubs for lovers of nature, especially once the punggungan Salak II. This is because terrain and the forest that the meeting also rare climber who visit this mountain. Also has a path that is quite difficult for the beginner climber because cross path that we rarely find the backup of water in the post unless I upgrade path Ratu crater, lucky in the peak of Mount (2211 Mdpl) found wallow air.Gunung eyes Salak mountain, even if classified as a low, but both have their unique characteristics of forests and forest-medannya.Hutan in Gunung Salak consists of mountainous forest down (submontane forest) and forest on the mountain (montane forest).
The lower part of the forest, the forest is planted production Perum Perhutani. Some types of trees planted here are tusam (Pinus merkusii) and Rasamala (Altingia excelsa). Then, as usually in the bottom of the mountain forest, and there is also the kind of flower trees (Schima wallichii), Saninten (Castanopsis sp.), Post (Lithocarpus sp.) And various types of hurly (tribe Lauraceae).
In this forest, in some locations, especially in the direction Cidahu, Sukabumi, also found a rare plant species raflesia (Rafflesia rochussenii) that limited the spread of Mount Gede and Mount Pangrango nearby.
In the border areas with the forest, or near-near the river, people to plant species kaliandra red (Calliandra calothyrsus), dadap cangkring (Erythrina variegata), african wood (Maesopsis eminii), jeunjing (Paraserianthes falcataria) and various bamboo . Aneka wildlife found in the environment of G. Salak, from the frog and toad, reptiles, birds and mammals.
Results of research D.M. Nasir (2003) from the Department of the Faculty of Forestry IPB ksh, get 11 frog and toad species in the S. Ciapus Leutik, Tamansari Village, Kab. Bogor. Species is Bufo asper, B. melanostictus, Leptobrachium hasseltii, Fejervarya limnocharis, Huia masonii, Limnonectes kuhlii, L. macrodon, L. microdiscus, Rana chalconota, R. erythraea and R. hosii. This result is not yet include the types of tree frogs, and the types of frogs are still other mountains may be found. In Cidahu also recorded the type of horned bangkong (Megophrys montana) and the flying frog (Rhacophorus reinwardtii).
Various species of reptiles, especially snakes and lizard, are located in this mountain. Some of the examples is Bronchocela vacillator jubata and B. cristatella, garden lizard Mabuya multifasciata and rivers biawak Varanus salvator. Types of snakes in G. Salak is not yet much known, but some were recorded from the snake rod (Calamaria sp.) Constrained small, snail snake (Pareas carinatus) to breed python (Python reticulatus) as long as several meters.
G. Salak has been known long before as a bird-rich areas, as noted by Vorderman (1885). Hoogerwerf (1948) have not less than 232 birds in the mountains this (Java total: 494 species, 368 types of settler). Some of the important mountain is bred eagle (Spizaetus bartelsi) and several other types of eagle, forest red-chicken (Gallus gallus), Cuculus micropterus, Phaenicophaeus javanicus and P. curvirostris, Sasia Abnormis, Dicrurus remifer, Cissa thalassina, Crypsirina temia, bird horse Garrulax rufifrons, Hypothymis azurea, Aethopyga eximia and A. mystacalis, and Lophozosterops javanica.
As well as frogs and reptiles, mammals note on G. Salak is not too much. However, in the mountains is clearly found some kind of important, such as spotted tiger (Panthera pardus), owa jawa (Hylobates moloch), lutung surili (Presbytis comata) and anteater (Manis javanica).
ADVENTURE TOUR TO MOUNT SALAK
For a hobby community and love the outdoors, Gunung salak is one of their goals to meet the satisfaction for how to appreciate and love nature. Gunung Salak has scenery and natural charm that is still beautiful. If you want to try an adventure tour with a climb of Gunung salak, you can use some climbing lane, one through Girijaya Line and Line Kutajaya (Cimelati).
Gunung salak since time immemorial been frequently visited by pilgrims, because there is a statue of worship in Gunung salak peak. In addition there are also grave Gunung salak Grandparent frequently visited by the pilgrims. Meanwhile, at the foot of Gunung salak there are many sacred places, one of which is the shrines and temples have also called the Temple Prabu Siliwangi.
The climb should be done in the dry season, because in the rainy season as the path becomes muddy and slippery swamp. Also the wind is often blowing hard. Actually, this mountain can be climbed from several points, including a common path is the path used from Wana Wisata Cidahu Cangkuang Sukabumi District. From Cangkuang have two lanes of the old route to the summit of Gunung salak and 1 new track to the Kawah Ratu. The path is full of sense of mystique to the point of pilgrimage tourism Curug Pilung Wana, Giri Jaya village, District Cidahu, Village Kutajaya / Cimelati.
Around the entrance have Wana Wisata places convenient for camping, there are also many food stalls. To go to Kawah Ratu takes about 3-5 hours, whereas to get to the top of Gunung salak I takes about 8 hours.
From the campsite to the shelter I, the path is steep initially, in the form of rocks neatly arranged. Then going into the area of dense tropical forest with trees large, about 1 / 2 hours later you will pass a variety of channels, flat, up and down.
Toward shelter II, lines begin to damp and wet. Several small river you will pass, but when the dry season this river will be dry. You would follow the path that many grown banana trees, but do not expect to find ripe bananas for this area inhabited many a monkey. When the day late in the afternoon we will see the monkeys hanging on their nest around this point.
In the shelter II have a place large enough to set up a tent, with views of tropical forests are still thick, and near shelter II was also present river. Toward shelter III, you will pass the roads were muddy and the mud. Even in some places, the path of the steep slippery ground, but you’re still a little relieved of tree roots.
For the IV route to shelter the more steeply, especially in the rainy season because of slippery red soil. In some places you will go through muddy places that sometimes reached knee foot depth. You will pass two pieces of clear river water, we recommend you take clean water in the river because that is where the last water source could be found.
Shelter IV is a crossroads. To go to Kawah Ratu take the road to the left, while to get to the top of Gunung salak to take the right path. In the shelter IV is large enough you can also set up a tent.
How, not exciting enough? You never make a hobby of adventure tourism, it would not hurt if you try to climb Gunung salak, in addition to satisfying the heart, you also can feel the beauty of nature is priceless.